= intentional and repeated tracking and harrassment of a person against her/his will

Examples for Stalking

  • tracking
  • waylaying in front of the house/ the working place
  • harrassing phone calls
  • to overwhelm someone with unwanted presents
  • spreading rumors about a person
  • spreading private pictures in the internet
  • continuous harrassment through sms, e-mails or (threatening) letters/hate mails

Impacts on the vicitms of Stalking

  • they live a life in fear and feel continuously harrassed and threatend
  • sleeping disorders
  • depressions
  • panic attacks and severe psychological after-effects
  • physical problems

Recommended actions for victims

Consistency: the offender should be told just one time and very clearly that no contacts are wanted any more
Transparency: the people in the surroundings of the affected person must be informed about the harrassment and asked not to give out any details or information about the person who is threatened
Documentation: collect and document evidences (letters, mails, calls, sms, messages…)

Law against Stalking (since 1.7.2006)

The law against Stalking provides for two opportunities in order to protect victims:

Protection through Criminal Prosecution: Imprisonment up to one year. Therefore the offender must be reported at the police.
Protection through Civil Law: through a provisional injunction („Einstweilige Verfügung“) the stalker is prevented from approaching the threatened person in any way – contacting, presence at certain locations or other frequent actions. The provisional junction (Einstweilige Verfügung) must be applied for at court.